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Heart surgery, congenital problems, and, more

Articles and links about less common heart problems - congenital heart disease, pericardial disease, dysautonomia, and more - as well as heart tests.more.
  1. Aortic aneurysm (5)
  2. Cardiac Surgery (12)
  3. Cardiac Testing (12)
  4. Cardiac Transplantation (2)
  5. Congenital Ht Disease Links (11)
  6. The Dysautonomias (6)

Raynaud Phenomenon
Raynaud phenomenon is a condition in which exposure to cold or stress causes symptoms involving the fingers and toes

Mitral Stenosis Surgery Options
A review of the surgical options for mitral stenosis.

What Are YOUR Nominees For The Most Overblown Health News Stories?
Readers provide their nominees for the most overblown health news stories of the past decade.

7) Crocodile Tears For Primary Care
Tears over the demise of primary care medicine are greatly overblown.

2) The Demonization of Obesity
We have successfully demonized obesity, and the obese, during the past decade.

10) Mad Cow Disease
The mad cow disease panic was overblown

8) An Epidemic of Epidemics
We have seen an explosion of epidemics this past decade, most of them man-made due to a change in the definition of various disorders.

The Most Overblown Health News of the Decade: Preventive Medi…
Contrary to what we are being told, preventive medical services do not always save money.

The Most Overblown Health News of the Decade: Uninsured Cause…
Emergency room overcrowding is actually not caused by the uninsured, but by insured people who have cannot find primary care doctors.

The Most Overblown Health News of the Decade: Reform Will Lea…
The claim that healthcare reform will lead to rationing reveals a sad lack of understanding, since covert rationing is already the central organizing fact of our healthcare system.

Overblown Health News of the Decade: Insurance Companies Are …
Health insurance companies not only aren't against healthcare reform, they are depending on it.

The Most Overblown Health News of the Decade: Vaccines And Autism
There no objective evidence that vaccines produce autism

Most Overblown Health News of the Past Decade
As you may have noticed, the decade now drawing to a close has featured more than a few health-related news stories that have seemed just a tad overblown. Here are a few of these stories, arbitrarily selected and in no particular order, for your consideration and amusement.

Patent Foramen Ovale
Patent foramen ovale - diagnosis or incidental finding?

Cardiac Effects of Thyroid Disease
The cardiac effects of thyroid disease.

Shomon's Living Well With Graves' Disease and Hyperthyroidism
Mary Shomon's Living Well With Graves' Disease and Hyperthyroidism

Cardiac sarcoidosis
Overview of cardiac sarcoidosis

Crystal meth and heart disease
Crystal meth and heart disease

HIV and heart disease
A discussion of HIV and heart disease

Cosmetic surgery and heart disease
Cosmetic surgery and the heart

Heroin and the heart
Heroin and the heart

Preventing aortic aneurysms
Preventing aortic aneurysms

Repairing aortic aneurysm
A discussion of the two approaches to repairing aortic aneurysm

Costochondritis - a common cause of chest pain
Costochondritis - a common cause of chest pain

John Ritter's aortic dissection
John Ritter's aortic dissection

Symptoms of peripheral artery disease
Symptoms of peripheral artery disease

Signs of ruptured aortic aneurysm
Signs of ruptured aortic aneurysm

Treating aortic aneurysm
Treating aortic aneurysm

Coenzyme Q 10 and the heart
Coenzyme Q 10 and the heart

The Causes of Pulmonary Hypertension
Here is a discussion of the causes of pulmonary hypertension.

An artery is a blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood away from the heart, and delivers it to the body's tissues.

The aorta is the main artery of the body.

An aneurysm is a localized, balloon-like dilation of a blood vessel.

Peripheral Artery Disease
In peripheral artery disease, PAD, blood vessels in an arm or a leg has become blocked, and lead to symptoms or danger to the limb.

Subclavian Steal Syndrome
Subclavian steal syndrome is a type of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in which blockage in the subclavian artery can cause stroke-like symptoms.

Treating Peripheral Artery Disease
Peripheral artery disease can be treated medically, or invasively using angioplasty or bypass surgery.

A stroke is caused by permanent damage to a portion of the brain. Here is what you should know.

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)
A transient ischemic attack (TIA), or mini-stroke, often heralds a full stroke. Here is what you need to know.

Mitochondria are tiny structures within cells that provide the energy the cell needs to perform its functions.

Edema is swelling in the body's tissues, usually caused by an accumulation of fluid, and is a common symptom in heart failure.

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND)
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND) is dyspnea (shortness of breath) that awakens you from sleep.

Orthopnea is dyspnea (shortness of breath) that occurs while lying down.

Dyspnea is another name for shortness of breath or breathlessness, and is often a symptom of cardiac problems.

Valsalva Maneuver
The Valsalva maneuver is a technique for transiently increasing the tone of the vagus nerve.

Vagus Nerve
The vagus nerves help control the muscles of the throat and the voicebox, regulate the heart rate and keep the gastrointestinal tract in working order.

Fibrosis is a deposit of excess fibrous tissue in an organ.

Fibrin is the end result of the activation of the clotting factors. It binds and solidifies platelet plugs to form stable blood clots.

Clotting Factors
The clotting factors are blood proteins that help the blood to clot.

Compression Ultrasound
Compression ultrasound test used to diagnose deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Impedance Plethysmography
Impedance plethysmography is a test for diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Deep Venous Thrombosis - DVT
In deep venous thrombosis - DVT - blood clots form in the deeper veins of the legs.

Pulmonary Infarction
Pulmonary infarction is the death of a portion of lung tissue.

Pleural Effusion
A collection of fluid in the lung cavity is called a pleural effusion.

Pulmonary Artery
When blood is pumped out of the right ventricle, it enters the pulmonary artery.

Pulmonary Embolus
A blood clot that travels to the pulmonary artery and becomes lodged there is called a pulmonary embolus.

What Causes Attacks of Raynaud Phenomenon?
Exposure to changes in temperature can trigger attacks of Raynaud phenomenon

Constrictive Pericarditis
In constrictive pericarditis, the pericardial sac becomes too stiff, and compromises cardiac function.

Pericardiectomy is the surgical removal of the pericardium.

Cardiac Tamponade
In cardiac tamponade, a pericardial effusion has become large enough to compromise the function of the heart.

Cardiac cycle
The cardiac cycle is the name doctors use to describe one complete heart beat.

Diastole is the part of the cardiac cycle in which the heart is fills with blood.

Systole is the phase of the cardiac cycle in which the heart actually beats.

The pericardium is a pouch of tissue that encloses and protects the heart.

Pericardial Sac
The pericardial sac is a protective pouch of tissue that surrounds the heart.

Dressler's Syndrome
Dressler's syndrome is an inflammation of the pericardium that can follow heart muscle damage.

Pericardial Effusion
Pericardial effusion is the condition in which fluid accumulates in the pericardial sac.

Pericardial Effusion
The accumulation of excess fluid in the pericardium is called pericardial effusion.

Pericardiocentesis is the removal of fluid from the pericardium when a pericardial effusion is present.

Cardiac Tamponade
If a pericardial effusion begins to disrupt cardiac function, cardiac tamponade occurs.

How Should Your Doctor Evaluate Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)?
Dyspnea, or shortness of breath, can be caused by many specific cardiac or pulmonary problems.

Subclinical Hypothyroidism and the Heart
Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk of heart disease.

Drugs That Prevent or Treat Blood Clots
Here is a brief review of the several kinds of drugs doctors use to treat or prevent blood clots.

Should Beta Blockers Be Used During Surgery In Heart Patients?
Use of beta blockers in heart patients having non-cardiac surgery

Lupus And The Heart

Heart Problems That Occur With Strokes

Stroke of Unknown Cause - Cryptogenic Stroke
When no specific cause can be found for a stroke, the patient is said to have had a cryptogenic stroke. Here's how to think about cryptogenic strokes.

Transcranial Doppler Study - TCD
The transcranial Doppler (TCD) study is used to help detect and treat stroke.

Bubble Study
Bubble studies can help detect structural cardiac abnormalities.

PFO Closure Device
A PFO closure device is a minimally-invasive method of closing a patent foramen ovale.

Migraine and Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO)
Studies have failed to demonstrate any benefit in closing patent foramen ovale (PFO) in order to treat migraine headache.

Does Closing A PFO Prevent Stroke?
So far, clinical trials have failed to demonstrate that closing a PFO reduces the risk of stroke.

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