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Hypertension Drugs

Chemical and Brand Names of Drugs Commonly Used to Treat Hypertension

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Updated April 02, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

This article provides a list of the drugs and drug combinations most commonly used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). The list is quite long.

The fact that there are so many drugs to choose from means two things. First, it is very likely that some effective and well-tolerated drug or drug combination can be found for almost anyone who has typical hypertension. And second, settling on the "best" drug(s) for you will take a purposeful and systematic approach, and will require collaboration between you and your doctor.

Diuretics

Diuretics ("water pills") increase the amount of sodium and water excreted into the urine by the kidneys. It is thought that they lower blood pressure mainly by reducing the volume of fluid in the blood vessels.

Diuretics commonly used for hypertension:

  • Acetazolamide - Diamox
  • Chlorthalidone - Thalidone, also sold as Tenoretic and Clorpres
  • Hydrochlorothiazide - HydroDiuril, also sold as Microzide and Esidrix
  • Indapamide - Lozol
  • Metolazone - Zaroxolyn, also sold as Mykrox

Diuretics less commonly used for hypertension:

  • Amiloride hydrochloride - Midamor
  • Bumetanide - Bumex
  • Ethacrynic acid - Edecrin
  • Furosemide - Lasix
  • Spironolactone - Aldactone
  • Torsemide - Demadex
  • Triamterene - Dyrenium

Beta-blockers

Beta blockers block the effect of adrenaline on the cardiovascular system, slow the heart rate, and reduce stress on the heart and the arteries.
  • Acebutolol - Sectral
  • Atenolol - Tenormin
  • Betaxolol - Kerlone
  • Bisoprolol - Zebeta, also sold as Ziac
  • Carteolol - Cartrol
  • Carvedilol - Coreg
  • Labetalol - Normodyne, also sold as Trandate
  • Metoprolol - Lopressor, also sold as Toprol
  • Nadolol - Corgard
  • Penbutolol - Levatol
  • Propranolol - Inderal, Inderal LA
  • Timolol - Blocadren

Calcium Channel Blockers

Calcium channel blockers can reduce blood pressure by dilating the arteries and, in some cases, reducing the force of the heart's contractions.
  • Amlodipine - Norvasc, also sold as Caduet and Lotrel
  • Diltiazem - Cardizem, also sold as Dilacor and Tiazac
  • Felodipine - Plendil
  • Isradipine - DynaCirc
  • Nicardipine - Cardene
  • Nifedipine - Procardia XL, also sold as Adalat
  • Nisoldipine - Sular
  • Verapamil hydrochloride - Isoptin, also sold as Calan, Verelan, and Covera

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

The angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (the "ACE inhibitors") can lower blood pressure by dilating the arteries.
  • Benazepril - Lotensin
  • Captopril - Capoten
  • Enalapril - Vasotec, also sold as Vaseretic
  • Fosinopril - Monopril
  • Lisinopril - Prinivil, also sold as Zestril
  • Moexipril - Univasc
  • Quinapril - Accupril
  • Ramipril - Altace
  • Trandolapril - Mavik

Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers

The angiotensin II receptor blockers (the "ARBs") also reduce blood pressure by dilating the arteries.
  • Candesartan - Atacand
  • Irbesartan - Avapro
  • Losartan - Cozaar
  • Telmisartan - Micardis
  • Valsartan - Diovan

Other, Less Commonly Used Hypertension Drugs

  • Clonidine - Catapres
  • Doxazosin - Cardura
  • Guanabenz - Wytensin
  • Guanfacine - Tenex
  • Hydralazine hydrochloride - Apresoline
  • Methyldopa - Aldomet
  • Prazosin - Minipress
  • Reserpine - Serpasil
  • Terazosin - Hytrin

Combination Drugs For Hypertension

Numerous combination drugs have been marketed for hypertension, and it is almost impossible to keep track of new ones that come along, or old ones that fade away. The following is a reasonably complete and up to date list of the most commonly prescribed combination drugs used for hypertension.
  • Amiloride and hydrochlorothiazide - Moduretic
  • Amlodipine and benazepril - Lotrel
  • Atenolol and chlorthalidone - Tenoretic
  • Benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide - Lotensin HCT
  • Bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide - Ziac
  • Captopril and hydrochlorothiazide - Capozide
  • Enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide - Vaseretic
  • Felodipine and enalapril - Lexxel
  • Hydralazine and hydrochlorothiazide - Apresazide
  • Lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide - Prinzide, also sold as Zestoretic
  • Losartan and hydrochlorothiazide - Hyzaar
  • Methyldopa and hydrochlorothiazide - Aldoril
  • Metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide - Lopressor HCT
  • Nadolol and bendroflumethiazide - Corzide
  • Propranolol and hydrochlorothiazide - Inderide
  • Spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide - Aldactazide
  • Triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide - Dyazide, also sold as Maxide
  • Verapamil extended release) and trandolapril - Tarka

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