Heart Disease: Most Popular Articles
Here is a list of the drugs commonly used for treating hypertension (high blood pressure), with links to drug information.
Chest wall - or musculoskeletal chest pain - is a common cause of chest pain, and can be produced by several different medical conditions
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A STEMI - ST segment elevation myocardial infarction - occurs when a coronary artery is totally occluded by a blood clot.
The most important step in surviving a heart attack is to recognize when you might be having one. Here is what to look for, and what to do about it.
A NSTEMI - non-ST segment myocardial infarction - occurs when a coronary artery is partially occluded by a blood clot.
Chest pain, fainting, fatigue, dizziness and heart palpitations are common symptoms associated with several types of heart disease.
Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB) is an abnormal finding on the electrocardiogram that is often associated with underlying heart disease.
Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB) is an abnormal finding on the electrocardiogram that often indicates underlying heart disease.
Here is what you should know about pacemakers - what they are and what they do, how they are implanted, and what to expect if you have or need one.
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, POTS, is a disorder seen in younger people which causes palpitations, dizziness, and other symptoms while standing upright.
IST - inappropriate sinus tachycardia - is an inappropriately rapid heart rate. The causes and potential treatments of IST are reviewed.
Chest pain is always an important symptom which has many potential causes. Here are the most common causes of chest pain.
the cardiac effects of thyroid disease
Bundle branch block (BBB) is a common finding on the ECG whose medical significance varies from person to person. Here's what you should know.
If you have chest pain, you must decide whether to seek emergency help, then your doctor will need to efficiently evaluate its underlying cause.
Cardiac symptoms in women are very often not the same as in men - or as in the medical textbooks. Here's what you need to know.
Vasovagal - or cardioneurogenic - syncope is the most common cause of transient loss of consciousness
Syncope, or fainting, is a common symptom that can be caused by many different medical conditions.
Cardiac enzymes are proteins that leak out of heart cells that are sustaining damage during a heart attack. By measuring cardiac enzyme levels in the blood, doctors can determine whether a heart attack is occurring.
The dysautonomias are serious medical disorders that are often missed, or dismissed
When your heartbeat feels unusually strong, or odd, it's known as a palpitation. Is it serious?
The medical significance of premature ventricular complexes (also known as PVCs), and how they should be evaluated and treated.
Coughing can be an important symptom of heart failure
Surviving a heart attack requires that you know the signs of a heart attack, and seek immediate medical help the moment you might be having one.
What the MUGA scan is used for in diagnosing structural heart disease, such as a prior heart attack, or a weakened heart muscle.
In sinus bradycardia, a slow heart rate occurs because the heart's sinus node is generating the electrical signals that regulate the heart rhythm at a relatively reduced rate. Sometimes sinus bradycardia is normal, but at other times it requires treatment.
Diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure occur when the heart's ventricles become too stiff, leading to impaired filling of the ventricles.
Cholesterol and triglycerides are both necessary for life itself. But when the blood levels are too high, your cardiac risk is significantly increased.
Cardiac enzymes - creatine kinase and troponin - are cardiac proteins that are released into the bloodstream when heart muscle damage occurs, as in myocardial infarction.
Non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) is an episode of ventricular tachycardia that lasts for less than 30 seconds. NSVT can cause significant symptoms, and can indicate an increased risk for cardiac arrest and sudden death.
Elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood - hypertriglyceridemia - are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Diastolic heart failure often causes acute episodes of shortness of breath. Diagnosing diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure often presents a challenge.
If you have been told you have heart failure, learning all you can about this condition is the best thing you can to to help yourself.
Cardiac stress testing can be useful in diagnosing coronary artery disease, and in making exercise recommendations in patients with heart disease.
Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common heart rhythm disorders, especially among older adults.
Prinzemetal's angina, or coronary artery spasm, is chest pain due to severe coronary artery spasm
A description of the electrocardiogram (ECG), how it is performed, what it can tell your doctor about your heart - and what it cannot
Treating vasovagal syncope always involves education, and often involves exercise, drugs, or pacemakers
A description of the echocardiogram and its uses
Supraventricular tachycardia, or SVT, is a family of cardiac arrhythmias that causes an inappropriately rapid heart rate.
When your CRP level is found to be elevated, here's what you need to know, and what you need to do to lower your cardiac risk.
What you need to know about living a normal life with a pacemaker.
Symptoms of heart failure are usually due to pulmonary congestion, poor cardiac pumping function or cardiac arrhythmias.
Heart attack is the death of heart muscle due to a blocked coronary artery, while cardiac arrest is a heart arrhythmia that causes the heart to stop beating
Diagnosing and successfully treating dysautonomia requires finding a physician who understands these conditions, and who is patient enough to engage in trial-and-error treatments.
Several types of drugs are used to prevent blood clots, or to treat blood clots after they have formed.
Cocaine affects the heart in ways that can permanently damage it or cause sudden death.
Treating diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure mainly depends on treating underlying causes, such as hypertension and CAD.
The treatment of premature ventricular complexes - PVCs - depends on the symptoms they are causing, and on any associated underlying heart disease.
Statins drugs reduce cholesterol levels, and have several other effects on the body that reduce your risk for cardiovascular disease.
PACs, or premature atrial complexes, are the most common of the heart arrhythmias.
Systolic pressure, the top number in the blood pressure reading, is the pressure the blood exerts in the artery when the heart muscle is beating. Diastolic pressure, the bottom number in the blood pressure reading, is the pressure the blood exerts in the artery in between heart beats, while the heart muscle is relaxing.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic cardiac disorder that can cause several heart problems – including heart failure and sudden death.
Unstable angina, a type of acute coronary syndrome, should be treated as a medical emergency. Here's what you need to know.
Some evidence suggests that CoQ10 might diminish the muscle side effects of statins.
In some patients, atrial fibrillation can be ablated in the electrophysiology laboratory.
A new study says even 5 minutes of daily running can substantially improve your cardiac risk. Can this really be true?
The heart's chambers and valves assure that blood moves through the heart in the right direction and at the right time.
While the statins are generally quite well-tolerated, the most common side effects are related to the skeletal muscles.
The cardiac electrical system is essential to cardiac function, controlling the heart rate, and coordinating the contraction of cardiac muscle.
A general overview of cardiac arrhythmias, or heart rhythm problems - extra heart beats, tachycardia, bradycardia and bundle branch block.
Heart block, or AV block, is one of the two major causes of bradycardia (slow heart rate). Pacemakers are often used in heart block to treat or prevent symptoms.
The unique features of amiodarone
Find out about the two basic approaches to the treatment of atrial fibrillation and what to consider when choosing the right treatment.
Rheumatic heart disease is heart valve damage that occurs after an episode of rheumatic fever.
Here are several lifestyle choices that can substantially reduce your risk of heart disease and keep your heart healthy.
A transient ischemic attack (TIA), also called a mini-stroke, is a temporary loss of normal neurological function, caused by a transient interruption of blood flow to the brain.
The most feared side effect of amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone) is pulmonary, or lung toxicity, which can be difficult to diagnose and treat, and which can be fatal.
Patients with vasovagal syncope (simple fainting spells) or long QT syndrome often receive the mistaken diagnosis of seizure disorder, or epilepsy.
Angina is the name given to the symptoms, usually chest pain or chest discomfort, produced when the heart muscle is not getting enough oxygen.
Heart attacks, or myocardial infarctions, can occur without causing apparent symptoms, but they are no less dangerous than
Is it food intake or exercise that is more important in preventing obesity? While researchers sometimes seem to add to the confusion, the answer is straightforward - it' both.
The Institute of Medicine says that in order to maintain optimal cardiovascular health, at least an hour a day of exercise is needed. Really?
Mitral valve prolapse - MVP - how it should be diagnosed and managed
Taking an aspirin as soon as you believe you might be having a heart attack can help stop the growth of the blood clot that is blocking a coronary artery.
Heart arrhythmias can be treated with antiarrhythmic drugs, AV nodal blocking drugs, beta blockers, statins, and omega-3 fatty acids.
In sick sinus syndrome, disease in the heart's sinus node is severe enough to produce symptoms related to bradycardia (slow heart rate). In addition, sick sinus syndrome is often accompanied by atrial fibrillation.
Postpartum cardiomyopathy is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy that leads to heart failure, and is associated with pregnancy.
Should you have your CRP measured? - The pros and cons of measuring CRP levels
Learn the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy, which is the most common form of heart failure.
What you need to know about heart catheterization and angiography
Stress appears to contribute to heart disease in at least two important ways.
In postprandial hypotension, the blood pressure falls abnormally after eating a meal and standing up.
Is it safe to fly when you have a heart problem? Here are guidelines for flying with heart disease.
a simple how to on recognizing a heart attack, from your about.com guide
Two common misapprehensions are held by both women and their doctors: women don't really get much heart disease, and when they do, it behaves pretty much like the heart disease that men get. The real facts are that heart disease is the number one killer of women, and when women get heart disease it often acts quite differently than it does in men.
It looks like the Mediterranean diet is your best bet after a heart attack.
Aortic stenosis is caused by obstruction in the aortic valve and is treated with valve replacement surgery.
How tests are used to diagnose coronary artery disease
How the blood clots, and how to prevent abnormal clotting
The beta blocker drugs are among the most commonly used medications for many cardiac and non-cardiac conditions. Here is what you should know about them.
The first few hours of a heart attack are critical in determining whether you survive without any serious long-term disability. Here's what you need to know
Now that you've gotten through the acute heart attack, there are several critical steps necessary for your long-term survival and good health.
Here are the drugs most commonly used to treat cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
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Evaluating the cause of syncope is best done in a systematic way.
Viagra (sildenafil) can be used safely in most patients with heart disease
A discussion of pericarditis - inflammation of the protective sac that encloses the heart - and its diagnosis and treatment.
Treating heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy requires the aggressive use of beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, and often diuretics.
Ablation procedures treat abnormal electrical pathways in the heart. These procedures can sometimes eliminate certain heart arrhythmias.
The Valsalva maneuver is a technique for transiently increasing the tone of the vagus nerve.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is one of the most common medical problems in the developed world, and remains a leading cause of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and other serious medical problems.
In peripheral artery disease, PAD, an artery supplying an arm or a leg has become blocked due to atherosclerosis, and may produce the symptom of claudication.
When a pacemaker battery is low, the entire pacemaker needs to be replaced.
Brief summary of coronary artery disease
What is causing my chest pain?: upper abdomen person experiences span style chest neck disease forum
Subclavian steal syndrome is a form of peripheral artery disease (PAD) affecting the subclavian artery, which results on both claudication of the arm and variable neurological symptoms when the arm is exercised.
Aortic dissection is a condition in which a tear forms in the wall of the aorta, which allows blood to enter the vessel wall, dissecting (or tearing apart) the layers of the wall. Aortic dissection can rapidly lead to death, and should always be considered a medical emergency.
Sudden death is an all too common event after surviving a heart attack. But sudden death can be prevented in people who remain at risk.
Evidence now suggests that exercise increases HDL levels in proportion to the duration - not the intensity - of exercise.
What causes heart attacks - myocardial infarction - in younger people?
Exercise after a heart attack is very important to long term survival - but can you do too much exercise?
A heart healthy diet consists of seven simple rules.
A sudden, fleeting. Heart Health Center.
In orthostatic hypotension, the blood pressure falls abnormally when a person stands up.
Chest pain is common in patients diagnosed as having anxiety, especially if the supposed anxiety is actually produced by one of the dysautonomias.
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), also called biventricular pacing, is a new treatment for heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy.
The 2013 NHLBI guidelines on treating cholesterol emphasize statins for patients at high cardiac risk, without cholesterol treatment targets.
Tilt table testing is a test that can be used to assess a person's propensity to develop certain kinds of syncope.
Read about broken heart syndrome, or stress cardiomyopathy - a condition seen mainly in women, after severe emotional trauma.
A summary of the most common heart tests used in cardiology
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease of unknown origin that causes scar tissue to be deposited in various organs in the body. Cardiac sarcoidosis can produce heart arrhythmias, heart failure, and heart valve disease
The treatment of syncope.: heart rhythm disturbances slow heart rate cardiac syncope antiarrhythmic drugs cardiac lesions
The best approach to treating atrial fibrillation depends on the frequency and duration of your arrhythmia, your symptoms, - and your own preferences.
Emotional stress, of certain types and in certain people, may participate in the development of chronic heart disease, and can even trigger acute cardiac crises.
The COURAGE trial challenges the routine use of stents in stable coronary artery disease (CAD).
Long-term health and survival after a heart attack requires several important steps to be taken. Here's a checklist to follow after a heart attack.
Calcium scans can be helpful in assessing the risk of coronary artery disease
Instead of being a major risk factor, some studies suggest that having a slightly elevated BMI score may actually improve health.
If you have been prescribed an anti-arrhythmic drug, you should learn about the specific drug you are taking and its side effects.
Mitral regurgitation is a common heart valve disorder that requires careful and ongoing medical care.
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Hypertension is diagnosed when a person's blood pressure is persistently elevated beyond levels that are considered normal
Ventricular tachycardia is a potentially life-threatening, rapid heart rhythm disturbance that originates in the ventricles.
A pulmonary embolus is a blood clot that lodges in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches.
Antiarrhythmic drugs can be difficult and dangerous to use in the treatment of atrial fibrillation.
Acute coronary syndrome - ACS - occurs when a plaque in a coronary artery ruptures, causing a blood clot to form within the artery, and blocking blood flow to the heart muscle.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is the term for a balloon-like dilation, called an aneurysm, that occurs in a localized section of the aorta within the abdomen. Learn more about AAA here.
The electrophysiology study (EP study) is used to study the heart's electrical system, and to diagnose and treat cardiac arrhythmias.
Sudden, severe abdominal pain is one of several symptom of aortic aneurysm rupture.
How to assess your risk of heart disease
Smoking tobacco is the strongest risk factor for developing heart disease. In fact, the risk of having a heart attack is six times higher in smokers -- both men and women -- than in people who never smoked. World-wide, smoking is thought to account for almost 40% of first heart attacks.
Crystal meth can trigger heart disease.
It appears to be safe for people with pacemakers and ICDs to go through the full body scanners at airport security - but just try getting someone in a position of authority to say so.
Sticking to the diet is more important than which diet you choose
Cardiac enzymes are useful in the diagnosis of heart attack.
Metabolic syndrome, or pre-diabetes, is a grouping of common disorders that produce a high risk of cardiac disease, all related to insulin resistance.
Trans fatty acids - what they are, where they are, and how they may be a bigger threat to heart health than saturated fats.
Orthopnea is dyspnea (shortness of breath) that occurs while lying down.